Get outside into nature to improve your health and reduce your need for medications for high blood pressure, depression and anxiety, a new study says.Long COVID is an often debilitating illness of severe symptoms that can develop during or following COVID-19. In this Review, Davis, McCorkell, Vogel and Topol explore our knowledge of long COVID and highlight key findings, including potential mechanisms, the overlap with other conditions and potential treatments. They also discuss challenges and recommendations for long COVID research and care.In the third annual iteration of a survey assessing vaccine confidence in 23 high-income, middle-income and low-income countries, although results were heteregeous across countries, overall willingness to accept a COVID-19 vaccine was found to have increased.
A new study in mice suggests that roflumilast, a drug used in the treatment of bronchitis and other respiratory diseases, could aid memory consolidation after sleep deprivation.A survey-based study conducted in the United Kingdom found that people who travel away from their local area, and who do so frequently, report better health than those who do not.Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is related to repeated upper airway collapse, intermittent hypoxia, and intestinal barrier dysfunction. The resulting damage to the intestinal barrier may affect or be affected by the intestinal microbiota. A prospective case–control was used, including 48 subjects from Sleep Medicine Center of Nanfang Hospital. Sleep apnea was diagnosed by overnight polysomnography. Fecal samples and blood samples were collected from subjects to detect fecal microbiome composition (by 16S rDNA gene amplification and sequencing) and intestinal barrier biomarkers—intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) and D-lactic acid (D-LA) (by ELISA and colorimetry, respectively). Plasma D-LA and I-FABP were significantly elevated in patients with OSA. The severity of OSA was related to differences in the structure and composition of the fecal microbiome. Enriched Fusobacterium, Megamonas, Lachnospiraceae_UCG_006, and reduced Anaerostipes was found in patients with severe OSA. Enriched Ruminococcus_2, Lachnoclostridium, Lachnospiraceae_UCG_006, and Alloprevotella was found in patients with high intestinal barrier biomarkers. Lachnoclostridium and Lachnospiraceae_UCG_006 were the common dominant bacteria of OSA and intestinal barrier damage. Fusobacterium and Peptoclostridium was independently associated with apnea–hypopnea index (AHI). The dominant genera of severe OSA were also related to glucose, lipid, neutrophils, monocytes and BMI. Network analysis identified links between the fecal microbiome, intestinal barrier biomarkers, and AHI. The study confirms that changes in the intestinal microbiota are associated with intestinal barrier biomarkers among patients in OSA. These changes may play a pathophysiological role in the systemic inflammation and metabolic comorbidities associated with OSA, leading to multi-organ morbidity of OSA.Background The number of medications prescribed during pregnancy has increased over the past few decades. Few studies have described the prevalence of multiple medication use among pregnant women. This study aims to describe the overall prevalence over the last two decades among all pregnant women and those with multimorbidity and to identify risk factors for polypharmacy in pregnancy. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted between 2000 and 2019 using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) pregnancy register. Prescription records for 577 medication categories were obtained. Prevalence estimates for polypharmacy (ranging from 2+ to 11+ medications) were presented along with the medications commonly prescribed individually and in pairs during the first trimester and the entire pregnancy period. Logistic regression models were performed to identify risk factors for polypharmacy. Results During the first trimester (812,354 pregnancies), the prevalence of polypharmacy ranged from 24.6% (2+ medications) to 0.1% (11+ medications). During the entire pregnancy period (774,247 pregnancies), the prevalence ranged from 58.7 to 1.4%. Broad-spectrum penicillin (6.6%), compound analgesics (4.5%) and treatment of candidiasis (4.3%) were commonly prescribed. Pairs of medication prescribed to manage different long-term conditions commonly included selective beta 2 agonists or selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Risk factors for being prescribed 2+ medications during the first trimester of pregnancy include being overweight or obese [aOR: 1.16 (1.14–1.18) and 1.55 (1.53–1.57)], belonging to an ethnic minority group [aOR: 2.40 (2.33–2.47), 1.71 (1.65–1.76), 1.41 (1.35–1.47) and 1.39 (1.30–1.49) among women from South Asian, Black, other and mixed ethnicities compared to white women] and smoking or previously smoking [aOR: 1.19 (1.18–1.20) and 1.05 (1.03–1.06)]. Higher and lower age, higher gravidity, increasing number of comorbidities and increasing level of deprivation were also associated with increased odds of polypharmacy. Conclusions The prevalence of polypharmacy during pregnancy has increased over the past two decades and is particularly high in younger and older women; women with high BMI, smokers and ex-smokers; and women with multimorbidity, higher gravidity and higher levels of deprivation. Well-conducted pharmaco-epidemiological research is needed to understand the effects of multiple medication use on the developing foetus.
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Cold weather can exacerbate urinary tract symptoms. Try these five natural tricks to prevent bladder leaks.The aim of this study was to describe factors associated with having COPD regularly reviewed in primary care by a nurse or physician and assess whether there was de-prioritisation for COPD in multimorbid patients. We defined de-prioritisation as not having at least one check-up by a physician during a two-year period. Among 713 COPD patients in the Swedish PRAXIS study, 473 (66%) had at least one check-up during the study period (ending in 2014). Patients with check-ups were more likely to have three or more comorbid conditions (31.9% vs. 24.6%) and exacerbations (35.1% vs. 21.7%) than those without. Compared with those without comorbidity, those with three or more diagnoses had increased relative risk ratios (and 95% CI) for consultations discussing COPD with only a physician (5.63 (2.68–11.79)), COPD-nurse only (1.67 (0.83–3.37)) or both (2.11 (1.09–4.06)). COPD patients received more frequent check-ups considering COPD if they had comorbidity or a history of exacerbations. We found no evidence of de-prioritisation for COPD in multimorbid patients.Cedars-Sinai researchers analyzed associations between 36 bacteria found in the gut and healthy insulin levels and found 10 bacteria associated with a lower rate of blood sugar levels fluctuating abnormally.Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) is considered a contraindication for the implantation of presbyopia-correcting IOLs, without sufficient corroborating evidence. A Retrospective, case–control study. Nineteen eyes of ten patients with grade 2–5 FECD (study group) and 57 healthy eyes of 57 patients (control group) who underwent cataract surgery with implantation of presbyopia-correcting IOLs, at the Ein-Tal Eye Center, Tel Aviv, Israel, were included. The target refraction was emmetropia for both groups. Two subgroups of IOLs were analyzed separately: extended depth of focus (EDOF), (9 eyes of FECD patients and 27 eyes of control patients) and multifocal IOLs (10 eyes of FECD patients and 30 eyes of control patients). Main outcome measures were visual acuity and refraction 6 weeks after the surgery. Secondary outcomes were patient perceptions of visual acuity, spectacle independence, photic phenomena and satisfaction scores, reported in a self-assessment questionnaire. FECD patients in the EDOF IOL subgroup had inferior uncorrected distance visual acuity (P = 0.007) and better uncorrected near visual acuity (P = 0.001) compared to the controls. They had less spectacle independence for the intermediate range (P = 0.01) and overall (P = 0.006). However, they did not have more photic phenomena. In the multifocal IOL subgroup, no significant differences were found between the FECD and the control group in visual acuity for all ranges and in spectacle independence. FECD patients had more photic phenomena than the controls (P = 0.006), but it did not interfere with daily life activities. There was no difference in post-operative mean spherical equivalent, patient reported visual perception, and general satisfaction between FECD and control patients in both groups. Our results suggest that presbyopia-correcting IOLs can be carefully considered in patients with grade 2–5 FECD, with slightly inferior results compared with healthy eyes.
New research conforms that amyloid, a protein thought to contribute to Alzheimer’s, can also accumulate in healthy brains. What, then, causes the disease?. Process analytical technology (PAT) has demonstrated huge potential to enable the development of improved biopharmaceutical manufacturing processes by ensuring the reliable provision of quality products. However, the complexities associated with the manufacture of advanced therapy medicinal products have resulted in a slow adoption of PAT tools into industrial bioprocessing operations, particularly in the manufacture of cell and gene therapy products. Here we describe the applicability of a novel refractometry-based PAT system (Ranger system), which was used to monitor the metabolic activity of HEK293T cell cultures during lentiviral vector (LVV) production processes in real time. The PAT system was able to rapidly identify a relationship between bioreactor pH and culture metabolic activity and this was used to devise a pH operating strategy that resulted in a 1.8-fold increase in metabolic activity compared to an unoptimised bioprocess in a minimal number of bioreactor experiments; this was achieved using both pre-programmed and autonomous pH control strategies. The increased metabolic activity of the cultures, achieved via the implementation of the PAT technology, was not associated with increased LVV production. We employed a metabolic modelling strategy to elucidate the relationship between these bioprocess level events and HEK293T cell metabolism. The modelling showed that culturing of HEK293T cells in a low pH (pH 6.40) environment directly impacted the intracellular maintenance of pH and the intracellular availability of oxygen. We provide evidence that the elevated metabolic activity was a response to cope with the stress associated with low pH to maintain the favourable intracellular conditions, rather than being indicative of a superior active state of the HEK293T cell culture resulting in enhanced LVV production. Forecasting strategies were used to construct data models which identified that the novel PAT system not only had a direct relationship with process pH but also with oxygen availability; the interaction and interdependencies between these two parameters had a direct effect on the responses observed at the bioprocess level. We present data which indicate that process control and intervention using this novel refractometry-based PAT system has the potential to facilitate the fine tuning and rapid optimisation of the production environment and enable adaptive process control for enhanced process performance and robustness.Objective Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is involved in 40% of patients with type 2 diabetes, Phytochemical index (PI) foods are known as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents. Higher intake of phytochemicals can improve glucose tolerance, hypertension and complications of DN. This study sought to discern the relationship between dietary PI and DN. Methods This was a case–control study which was conducted between 210 diabetic women. General characteristics, blood pressure, biochemical serum levels, and anthropometric measurements were evaluated. Physical activity and dietary intakes were assessed via short form of physical activity questionnaire and 147 items-validated food frequency questionnaires, respectively. Then, PI was calculated through method of McCarty and divided to 2 groups of lower and higher of median. Independent samples T tests were used to identify differences in quantitative variables. To investigate the relationship between dietary PI and risk of DN, logistic regression was used. The odds ratio (OR) of DN, and its 95% confidence interval (CI), in each groups of PI were shown. Results The percentage of daily intake of energy from fruits and vegetables were higher than the other sources of phytochemical rich foods. Higher consumption of vitamin A was seen in higher group of PI among the control group, after adjusting for energy intake. In the higher adherence of median of dietary PI group, intake of fruits, vegetables, legumes, grains, and olives of controls were higher than cases. In addition, soy consumption was statistically different between lower and higher adherence of median of dietary PI among cases. There was an inverse relationship between dietary PI and risk of DN (OR = 0.44; 95% CI: 0.25–0.77; P = 0.04). After adjusting for potential confounders, the association remained significant, albeit with lower odds of having DN (OR = 0.15; 95% CI: 0.06–0.36; P < 0.001). Conclusion Finally, the present study found evidence indicating an inverse relationship between consumption of foods rich in phytochemicals and risk of DN in this sample.
Do you want to lose weight? If you’ve been struggling, you’re not alone. After years of dieting and working out, we know you’re ready to make a change. But what’s. . Do you constantly find yourself in the urge to urinate? Do you not sleep well enough at night due to your frequent bathroom trips? Is your bladder health ge . Figur Diet Pills Reviews: It is a 100% Safe and Natural and formed by Capsules, Pills and Tablets Dragons Den UK (United Kingdom) Best Pills 2023.UBMD Sleep Medicine expert provides advice for getting more sleep and better quality sleep for adults and children.
Cabbages grown in compost made from human POO are safe to eat – study
Nutrient-rich human fertiliser has its benefits, as long as there is no risk that harmful microbes could end up in crops, which the University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart has confirmed is not the case.Locked away in a laboratory in Bangladesh is a box of white powder developed by scientists at Lancaster University that may prove a key weapon in helping us do just that.Uly CBD Gummies – What You Need To Know Before Purchasing The word uly in Uly CBD Gummies stands for unique and special. These gummies are a pure CBD product that promotes mental clarity and relaxation. They are ideal for people who have insomnia or anxiety and need a dose of natural sleep aids. Plus, these gummies contain hemp oil, which has been known to lower inflammation levels and relieve joint pain. All this is possible because Uly CBD Gummies contain cannabidiol (CBD), the non-psychoactive compound of hemp oil with medicinal properties.Losing weight can be difficult, even when you’re doing everything right. You may be eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly, but the unexplained weight gain just doesn’t seem to be budging. Several reasons are responsible for a receding hairline; family history, stress, inadequate nutrition, illness, age, treatments, medications, hormonal changes.From digestive problems to skin issues, Thai herbs and natural remedies can help provide relief and promote better health overall.
A new study suggests that eating raw, monofloral honey could help reduce cholesterol and fasting blood sugar, making it a healthier alternative to other sweeteners.Certain medications like NSAIDs, antidepressants, and opioids may cause constipation. Laxatives may help relieve the effects of constipation caused by these drugs.A new study found that a 60-minute walk in nature decreases activity in brain regions involved in stress processing. Brain activity in those regions remained stable after a 60-minute walk in an urban environment.New research reveals the connection between nature and well-being is more significant than previously thought. Nature provides “intangible contributions” to create opportunities for recreation and leisure, spiritual fulfillment, personal development, social relations, and aesthetic experiences.
Strokes, seizures, memory and movement disorders among problems that develop in first year after infection. People may occasionally experience a buildup of gas in their digestive systems. However, a person may use medication to treat persistent gas. Learn more.Spending time outside can lift your mood, but it can offer other benefits, too. Learn how time outdoors can benefit your health.In a so-called natural experiment, two school districts in Boston maintained masking after mandates had been lifted in others, enabling a unique comparison.A systematic review shows that >58% of infectious diseases confronted by humanity, via 1,006 unique pathways, have at some point been affected by climatic hazards sensitive to GHGs. These results highlight the mounting challenge for adaption and the urgent need to reduce GHG emissions.Klunk and colleagues identify signatures of natural selection imposed by Yersinia pestis and demonstrate their effect on genetic diversity and susceptibility to certain diseases in the present day.