Childhood trauma significantly increases the risk of being diagnosed with a mental health disorder later in life. For children who experienced emotional abuse, the most prevalent disorder reported was anxiety. Trauma also increased the risks for psychosis, OCD, and bipolar disorder. Significantly, those who experience trauma during childhood were 15 times more likely to be diagnosed with borderline personality disorder later in life.Childhood trauma is long-lasting and consuming.

A child’s weight at birth could determine their risk of being diagnosed with a mental health disorder later in life. Researchers found for every kilogram below average birth weight, the more likely a child was to experience mental health problems through childhood and adolescence.Study examines why some people are more inclined to put themselves in harm’s way to help others while others are less inclined to help, even when the risk is part of their profession.New research from Virginia Commonwealth University’s School of Pharmacy brings the medical community closer to identifying children with the highest need for treatment and intervention following traumatic events.Understanding how changes in the brain relate to changes in well-being is key to developing new targets for the treatment of mental health disorders.

Scientists Find Molecular Clues Behind Acute and Chronic Phases of Traumatic Brain Injury

Researchers identified a unique biomarker associated with only the chronic or acute stage of traumatic brain injury.Study reveals those who microdosed psilocybin for 30 days showed greater improvements in mood, mental health, and psychomotor abilities than those who did not microdose. The findings have positive implications for the use of psychedelics to help treat mental health disorders.With calls to make September 15th National Brain Health Day, researchers aim to raise public awareness of brain health and support efforts to develop new and innovative treatments for neurological disorders.Researchers explain why the serotonin hypothesis for depression may not be as accurate as previously believed.

Obesity is, in part, determined by epigenetic development in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus. Findings suggest developmental epigenetics plays a significant role in both environmental and genetic influences on obesity risk.Using the “transport response” method of carrying a crying baby for a few minutes and then sitting with the child helps reduce crying and heart rate.The levels of two protein biomarkers, GFAP and UCH-L1 found in blood samples taken 24 hours after a traumatic brain injury can help to predict which patients will die and which will obtain a severe disability.Amotivation and anhedonia rather than expressive dysfunction play a critical role in determining social functioning in those with schizophrenia.

Children diagnosed with ASD at 24 months had differences in visual processing areas of the brain which were apparent at six months of age, a new study reports.Loperamide, a common anti-diarrhea medication, could help treat core symptoms associated with autism spectrum disorder. The drug activates the μ-opioid receptor, helping to improve social behaviors.Older people have longer reaction times, slower decision times, and greater activation in brain areas involved in inhibition and task switching. The findings may shed light on why many older drivers mistake the accelerator for the brake pedal.Steroids prescribed for a range of inflammatory conditions alter the structure and volume of grey and white matter in the brain. The findings shed light on why people who use medical steroids may experience psychological problems, including anxiety, mania, and depression.

Traumatic brain injury may up risk for developing comorbidities

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) of any severity is associated with increased risk of chronic cardiovascular, endocrine, and neurologic comorbidities, according to a study published online April 28 in JAMA Network Open.Maturation of brain networks in children was associated with improved inhibitory control, a new study reports.A new study of the hippocampus reveals immature, plastic neurons are present in significant numbers during the entire lifespan. The findings shed new light on neuroplasticity.Consuming seven or more units of alcohol per week is associated with increased iron levels in the brain. Higher levels of iron in the brain is linked to increased risk of neurodegenerative disorders and alcohol-related cognitive decline.Immersive virtual reality that focuses on anger exposure training may have a positive effect as a treatment for anger management.Researchers have developed a chop stick-like device that uses a weak electrical current to stimulate the tongue and enhance the taste of salt. The device could help to reduce dietary sodium intake by up to 30%.

Children who regularly help around the home with chores may perform better academically and have stronger problem-solving skills.Study finds an autism-related genetic mutation increases splicing errors and induces endoplasmic reticulum stress by activating the unfolded protein response.The motivation to exert sustained effort to achieve a goal following stress exposure depends on an individual’s level of trait anxiety. The expression of CRHR1 in dopaminergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area connects anxiety to either boosted or diminished motivation levels.Study reveals how reward enhances connectivity between the ventral striatum and the default mode network, impacting behavior.

Researchers discuss current studies about cognitive rejuvenation and discuss steps we can take to help protect our brains as we age.Health experts call for stricter regulations for the use of sodium nitrite, a product commonly used for meat curing, following its link to suicides and increased numbers of poisonings.DKT, a Japanese herbal remedy containing ginger, pepper, ginseng, and maltose, reduced symptoms of colitis in mice, a new study reports.Researchers discuss different applications for neurotech including monitoring criminals, interacting in the metaverse, and enhancing cognitive abilities.A new mouse study reveals our sleep position may influence the glymphatic system and could increase the risk of developing ALS or other neurodegenerative diseases.The brain constantly acts as a prediction machine, continuously comparing sensory information with internal predictions.