Body dysmorphic disorder, aka body dysmorphic disorder , can arise due to environmental factors, one of which is social pressure. In other words, this one mental disorder may occur because of “standard” judgments, especially regarding body appearance, from the social environment. Body dysmorphic disorder is characterized by excessive fear or anxiety about one’s appearance. 

Photo by Ismael Sanchez: https://www.pexels.com/photo/reflection-of-woman-s-eye-on-broken-mirror-2282000/

As a result, people with this disorder tend to pay too much attention to their appearance and lead to excessive anxiety. Body dysmorphic disorder can affect anyone, including teenagers and children. Most people with this disorder always feel bad appearance. It can interfere with the level of confidence and daily activities. Apart from social pressure, what are the causes of body dysmorphic disorder? 

Why can a person experience body dysmorphic disorder? 

People who suffer from this mental disorder always have a bad image of their own appearance. In fact, it could be that it is only in his mind or not in accordance with reality. These thoughts then cause people with body dysmorphic disorder to often feel embarrassed, and lead to avoiding various social interactions. 

At a severe level, this disorder can cause sufferers to be willing to do anything, including surgery to change their appearance. In fact, body dysmorphic disorder is similar to eating disorders, such as anorexia, in that it causes the sufferer to feel afraid or have a negative view of physical appearance.

The difference is, people with eating disorders generally feel anxious because of body changes caused by weight. While in dysmorphic disorder anxiety arises because of physical deficiencies in certain body parts, such as wrinkled skin, hair loss, large thighs, or a snub nose.

This condition can also make the sufferer willing to do anything to improve his appearance. Unfortunately, until now it is still not known exactly what is the cause of this one disorder. However, body dysmorphic disorder is often associated with several factors, such as:

  • genetics
  • abnormalities in brain structure
  • the environment
  • social pressure

Social environment

Negative judgments from the social environment can in fact make a person often feel embarrassed, restless, and lead to body dysmorphic disorder . Children who grow up in perfectionist families are also at risk for this condition. Such parenting causes children to be vulnerable to self-confidence disorders due to frequent comments or comparisons by parents or the family environment. 

There are several parts of the body that people with body dysmorphic disorder often worry about. Including face shape, skin color, hair condition, breast shape, to certain body parts that are considered too big or too small. 

As a result of the anxiety and fear that arise, people with this disorder end up frequently checking, such as:

  • looking in the mirror for a long time and repeatedly
  • trying to cover the body parts that are considered lacking
  • measuring or always touching areas of the body that are considered not ideal.