Is There a Way to Prevent Psychotic Disorders? Psychotic disorder is a general term to describe various types of mental health conditions that involve a phenomenon called psychosis. In the medical world itself, psychosis is a condition characterized by a disturbance to understand reality. Symptoms often include confusion, hallucinations, and delusions.
Cases of psychotic disorders are actually very rare. It is estimated that only 3 out of every 100 people experience psychosis at some point during their lives. In addition, it is important to note that psychosis is not present in all mental health disorders, and symptoms vary widely from person to person. The term psychotic disorder itself tends to be used by some mental health professionals, but it is not always socially acceptable because of the stigma attached to it.
Steps to Prevent Psychotic Disorders
Basically, psychotic disorders are quite complex conditions. You are not advised to diagnose yourself or others and take treatment or figure out the right preventive measures for yourself. However, you can record your symptoms to determine when it’s time to seek help from a psychiatrist or other mental health professional.
If you are supporting a friend or family member who is struggling with psychosis, it is important to learn coping mechanisms early on so you can help. Apart from that, taking care of yourself is paramount, and you also need to take the time to manage stress every day.
There are several steps that can help, including:
- Learn all you can about the condition of people with psychosis.
- Make sure your loved one takes all their medication and goes to therapy, according to the rules.
- Reducing trigger situations that can worsen symptoms.
- Listen to what your loved ones are going through, without judging.
- Avoiding dangerous situations, such as drinking and using illegal drugs.
If you suspect symptoms of psychosis in someone close to you and see for yourself that the symptoms are getting worse and are interfering with your daily life, consider seeking professional advice.
Understand the Following Symptoms of Psychosis
Symptoms of psychosis can vary between mental health disorders, but below are some signs that may occur:
- Difficulty concentrating.
- Brain fog.
- Increased anxiety or agitation.
- Loss of interest or joy in normal activities.
- Appetite increases or decreases.
- Hallucinations , where you hear or see things that seem real.
- Withdrawal from the social environment.
- Ignoring personal hygiene.
- Holding strong beliefs in things that aren’t actually true
- Paranoia over people and situations around.
So, what causes psychotic disorders?
There is no definite psychotic cause. However, genetics and changes in brain chemistry are a strong link. Traumatic events, substance use, and underlying health conditions can sometimes cause changes to how the brain works.
Previous research has shown that disturbances of dopamine, serotonin, and glutamate in the brain can lead to certain psychotic disorders. However, there is not enough evidence to link a single neurotransmitter disorder with psychosis.
Here’s the Treatment for Psychotic Disorders
Psychotic disorders are most effectively treated with a combination of medication and therapy. A psychiatrist can help determine the needs of the sufferer based on the severity. Some types of treatment that can be done include:
- Drug. Antipsychotic drugs are one of the treatments for psychosis. It helps block serotonin or dopamine receptors in the brain to prevent hallucinations and delusions. However, antipsychotics may not be appropriate for substance use-related psychosis. It really depends on the substance used. Antidepressant drugs can also be given for mood disorders because they help improve depression-related symptoms, such as sadness and hopelessness.
- Therapy. Various forms of therapy are used in the treatment of psychosis:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may be especially helpful by changing thought patterns that can lead to delusions and hallucinations.
- Individual talk therapy can also help sufferers deal with their own feelings, which can be useful in dealing with trauma cases.
- Psychoanalytic therapy can have a significant impact on the functioning of people with psychosis.
- Some people also find group or family therapy helpful in the management of psychosis.
- Social rehabilitation can be of great help to loved ones who have isolated themselves because of their symptoms.