Almost everyone has a fear of something. But if it is excessive and becomes a phobia, then it must be taken seriously. There are various types of phobias, ranging from the general to the specific and seemingly absurd.
A phobia is an excessive fear of certain things, such as heights, enclosed spaces, blood, or certain animals. Some types of phobias can even interfere with activities.
When faced with something that is feared, people with a phobia usually experience panic attacks that cause several symptoms such as:
- Fast heartbeat
- Stuttering or unable to speak clearly
- Stomach ache
- Chest pain
- Even the feeling of shortness of breath.
Some of the Most Common Types of Phobias
In general, phobias can be divided into 3 types, namely:
Social phobia, also known as social anxiety disorder, is a persistent fear of being in social situations. For example, when meeting new people, speaking in front of a crowd, even shopping.
Social phobia is generally caused by unpleasant social experiences, shyness, or psychological trauma in childhood. And people with social phobia often feel very anxious and afraid of being insulted by others. That’s why they avoid social situations.
Agoraphobia is a type of phobia that causes sufferers to avoid certain places and situations that can make them afraid, panicked, and helpless.
People with agoraphobia are usually afraid to leave the house for a long time, are afraid of places that make it difficult to run or save themselves, such as in an elevator or car, and are afraid of being alone in a crowd. In severe cases, agoraphobia can make sufferers choose to stay at home because they feel safe.
A specific phobia is an intense and persistent fear of a particular object, animal, situation, or activity. Some examples of specific types of phobias are:
- Hemophobia, which is an excessive fear of blood.
- Arachnophobia, which is an excessive fear of spiders.
- Anatidaephobia, which is an excessive fear of ducks.
- Alektorophobia, namely excessive fear of chickens.
- Cynophobia, which is an excessive fear of dogs.
- Ophidiophobia, which is an excessive fear of snakes.
- Claustrophobia, which is an excessive fear of closed or narrow spaces.
- Glossophobia, which is an excessive fear of speaking in public.
- Acrophobia, which is an excessive fear of
- Nyctophobia, is an excessive fear of the night or the dark. This dark phobia is often experienced by children.
- Ablutophobia, is the phobia of bathing. This type of phobia can sometimes occur in patients who have a phobia of water.
- Haphephobia, is a phobia of physical touch from other people.
Phobias that occur in children usually get better quickly. While phobias that occur in adults tend to last a long time and require special treatment. You can recognize various types of phobias from the signs described above. If you experience excessive fear of one thing, you should consult a psychiatrist or psychologist for treatment, before the phobia gets worse.