At first glance, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD )sound the same but are actually different. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a form of anxiety disorder, while obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is a type of personality disorder.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety illness defined by an obsession that causes a person to repeat similar acts over and over again (compulsions). This compulsive behaviour is carried out in order to alleviate the tension that occurs in his head.
While obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is a condition in which the sufferer has a very perfectionist personality and is obsessed with perfection in all aspects of his life. Oftentimes, a person with OCPD feels that his or her way of doing things is the most correct and contradicts other people who have a different way of doing things.
Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
A person who has obsessive-compulsive disorder usually experiences the following:
- The existence of an obsession in the form of unwanted thoughts, ideas, images, or impulses, but still appears repeatedly. In everyday life, this situation is often referred to as overthinking. In severe cases, overthinking can turn into an obsession. These obsessions give rise to anxiety or other negative emotions, such as disgust. Examples of such obsessions are excessive anxiety about cleanliness, safety, or symmetry (about shape and size). Sometimes, people who experience obsessions can also do more frequent doomscrolling.
- Realizes that the obsessions and worries are illogical, but cannot stop the thoughts or worries.
- Perform certain actions repeatedly to relieve anxiety. Examples are washing hands, checking door locks, adjusting the position of certain items, or saying a sentence repeatedly.
- The impression of tranquility gained is only short, and the uneasiness brought on by the same fixation will reappearance.
- Quality of life and productivity will be disrupted due to impulsive behavior that is carried out repeatedly by sufferers.
Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD)
A person with an obsessive-compulsive personality disorder has focused (preoccupied) thoughts on a regular basis., perfection (perfectionism), mental control and control of relationships with other people (interpersonal). At least four of the symptoms listed below characterize this illness.:
- A mind caught up in every detail, sequence, rule, schedule and list can forget the main purpose of the task at hand.
- Excessive perfectionism prevents the task from being completed because the work’s results do not meet his extremely high standards.
- Relationships with family, friends, and people around them are ignored as a result of an excessive attention to work (not for financial reasons).
- Very rigid and inflexible towards moral and ethical values.
- Not being able to throw away items that are no longer in use, or cleaning and tidying the house too frequently.
- Unable to entrust work to others and cannot work with other people, unless they follow the standards and the way it works exactly.
- Not willing to use money, either for their own interests or for others.
- Very stubborn and rigid.
Key Differences between OCD and OCPD
There are some things that OCD and OCPD have in common such as obsessive thoughts that are difficult to control and rules to follow. However, there are also striking differences between the two, namely:
- In one particular aspect of life or in one location, OCD usually occurs. An example is anxiety about cleanliness which makes sufferers wash their hands constantly. This is in contrast to OCPD’s perfectionism which is more comprehensive in all aspects of his life.
- OCD sufferers’ obsessive behaviors are carried out to avoid undesirable events from occurring, such as bacterial infections caused by filthy hands. However, in OCPD, compulsive acts are carried out because of the desire to achieve a very high standard of perfection.
- People with OCD often realize that their behaviour is irrational, whereas people with OCPD believe that their thoughts and behaviours are the most appropriate.
In general, OCD and OCPD both have obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviours. However, OCD is a form of anxiety disorder in which sufferers perform repetitive actions (compulsive) to reduce anxiety from obsessive thoughts. Whereas in OCPD sufferers, their personality is indeed a very perfectionist. If you experience the above symptoms, don’t hesitate to consult a psychiatrist, especially if these symptoms are interfering with your daily life and your relationships with other people.