Bipolar disorder is a mental illness characterized by mood swings that are extreme. People who suffer from this disorder can go from being extremely happy to be extremely sad. Bipolar disorder affects approximately 45 million people worldwide, according to World Health Organization data from 2017. This illness is one of the leading causes of disability and suicide death around the world.

Bipolar Disorder Can Affect Activities of The Sufferer
Photo by Nick Fewings

This disorder can last a lifetime and interfere with the sufferer’s daily activities. Drugs and psychotherapy, on the other hand, can assist sufferers in carrying out daily tasks.

Bipolar Disorder Symptoms and Causes

The main symptom of this mental disorder is drastic mood swings. These mood swings can happen in a matter of hours, days, or even months. The following are some of the most common signs and symptoms:

  • Joyful or enthusiastic feelings
  • Enthusiastic spirit
  • Loss of interest in a hobby or job
  • Insomnia or sleeping problems
  • Excessive guilt feelings

Bipolar disorder’s exact cause is unknown. However, genetic factors can be one of the causes. In addition, environmental factors and lifestyle can also cause a person to develop this disorder.

Bipolar Disorder Treatment and Prevention

Drugs and psychotherapy are two types of treatments that can be used. Bipolar disorder treatment aims to reduce symptom frequency, help people return to normal activities, and lower their risk of developing other health problems. There hasn’t been a way to prevent this disorder until now. However, to reduce the recurrence of symptoms, sufferers are advised to take medications as prescribed by a doctor or to seek psychotherapy.