Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects one’s behaviour, emotions, and ability to communicate. Hallucinations, delusions, muddled thinking, and behavioural disturbances are common in people with this schizophrenia disorder.
Psychosis and schizophrenia are often mistaken; however, they are not the same thing. Mental disorders, delusions, significant depression, and schizophrenia are only a few of the symptoms of psychosis. Although psychotic symptoms can emerge in schizophrenia, not everyone with the illness suffers from it.
Based on data from the WHO, there are more than 20 million people worldwide suffering from this mental disorder. It should be noted that people with this mental disorder have a 2-3 times higher risk of dying at a young age. This is because this disorder is generally accompanied by other diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, or infections.
Symptoms and Causes
Positive and negative symptoms are the two types of symptoms associated with schizophrenia. Positive symptoms are characterized by shifts in perception that cause patients to act out of character. Hallucinations, delusions, and strange conduct are some of these symptoms.
Meanwhile, the patient’s unwillingness to mingle is one of the bad symptoms. Sufferers with this symptom prefer to withdraw from society and are unconcerned about their looks.
It is unknown what causes schizophrenia disorder. However, other factors, such as hereditary traits and environmental effects, are thought to enhance the risk of schizophrenia.
Treatment and Prevention
Until now, there is no drug that can cure schizophrenia. However, there are treatments that can control and reduce symptoms. The treatment can be in the form of:
- Administration of antipsychotic drugs
- Electroconvulsive therapy
Prevention of this schizophrenia disorder is to detect and treat it early so that the worsening and recurrence of this disease can be prevented. In this way, the patient’s quality of life will improve.