Bipolar vs BPD Borderline Personality Disorder

Bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder are two types of personality disorders that are often mistaken for the same, because they have similar symptoms. Though the two are different, you know. What are the differences between bipolar disorder and BPD borderline personality disorder? The following will be reviewed one by one first.

Bipolar Disorder

‘Bipolar’ means ‘two poles’, and as the name suggests, bipolar disorder is described as a condition when a person has or exhibits 2 very different emotional poles. This disorder consists of 2 phases, namely mania and depression. The mania phase is characterized by episodes of overwhelming happiness, while the depressive phase is the opposite, characterized by excessive feelings of sadness and depression.

More specifically, the symptoms shown when a person with bipolar disorder experiences a mania phase are:

  • Can’t stay still, have to move on or walk back and forth.
  • Feel the overflowing joy.
  • So be more aware of the surrounding environment, from falling objects, other people’s touches, to the voices they hear.
  • Speaks very quickly without a clear direction (difficult to understand).
  • Can’t sleep, stays up all night but doesn’t feel sleepy or tired in the morning.
  • Acting recklessly, such as shopping like crazy, fighting with teachers or bosses, resigning from the company, having sex with strangers without a condom, driving recklessly, or drinking alcohol.
  • Psychosis, which is not being able to distinguish what is real and what is only in his mind.

Meanwhile, when people with bipolar disorder experience a phase of depression.

Bipolar disorder symptoms

  • Withdraw from the environment and people closest to you.
  • Loss of interest in activities that were previously enjoyed.
  • Loss of energy and energy drastically, usually sufferers can not leave the bed for hours or days.
  • Speaks very slowly, sometimes like someone who is rambling.
  • Impaired memory, concentration, and reasoning.
  • Obsession with death, suicidal ideation, or attempted suicide.
  • Drastic changes in eating patterns, whether appetite is lost or increased.
  • Constantly feeling guilty, useless, or unworthy.

Please note that bipolar disorder is not the same as other disorders such as borderline personality disorder . The difference between the two lies in their intensity. People with bipolar disorder will usually show phases of mania and depression that are so severe that they may lose control of their own emotions.

Difference between Bipolar and BPD Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder

Unlike bipolar disorder, people with borderline personality disorder usually have an unstable mindset. This instability then makes it difficult for them to regulate their emotions. People with borderline personality disorder tend to have a history of unstable relationships. They will try hard not to be ignored by those around them, at any cost. This is one of the differences compared to bipolar.

People with borderline personality disorder are more likely to have other mental health problems as well. They are also more likely to have had some type of trauma as a child compared to people with bipolar disorder. In addition to having other mental health problems, people with borderline personality disorder usually also have problems with eating disorders, body image, and anxiety. They usually have trouble controlling their thoughts and managing their feelings, and often have impulsive and reckless behavior.

More specifically, the symptoms shown by people with borderline personality disorder are:

Borderline personality disorder symptoms

  • Excessive fear of rejection or abandonment by someone.
  • Feelings of extreme anxiety, worry, and depression.
  • Has a history of unstable romance (changed drastically) from intense love turning into hatred.
  • Experiencing mood swings that are persistent, lasting for a few days or only a few hours.
  • Have an unstable self-image.
  • Difficulty feeling empathy for others.
  • Impulsive, risky, self-destructive behavior that is dangerous. For example, like physically hurting yourself, driving recklessly, or abusing drugs and alcohol.
  • paranoid.
  • Feeling alienated, bored, and empty.

At first glance, these symptoms appear similar to the depressive phase of bipolar disorder. However, for people with borderline personality disorder , this mood swing will continue. Meanwhile, in people with bipolar disorder, there will be times when they will not feel the symptoms of mania or depression at all. They will appear calm like people in general.

In addition, bipolar disorder can occur without a clear trigger alias appears suddenly. In contrast to borderline personality disorder , which can appear when triggered by factors such as conflict with the closest person.

That’s a little explanation of the difference between bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder.