Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder marked by extremely low body weight, an intense fear of gaining weight, and a distorted perception of body weight. Serious mental illness that must not be overlooked.
Anorexia nervosa, sometimes known as anorexia, is a mental illness. This is because the sufferer’s attitude is skewed and can cause him harm.
Anorexics generally believe that they are only valuable if they are skinny. Anorexics’ desire for thinness, on the other hand, is medically abnormal.
Symptoms and Causes of Anorexia Nervosa
Anorexics are preoccupied with having a slim figure and will go to great lengths to attain it. In fact, as long as he can reduce weight, he doesn’t mind if his attempts harm his health. Some of these attempts include:
- Reducing meal quantities to the bare minimum or not eating at all
- limiting alcohol consumption
- Exercising is too demanding
- Medications, such as laxatives and appetite suppressants, are being used
Dehydration, malnutrition, and even heart rhythm problems can occur as a result of this behaviour in persons with anorexia nervosa (arrhythmias).
It is not known what causes anorexia nervosa. However, this condition is thought to be related to environmental, psychological, and biological factors.
Treatment and Prevention of Anorexia Nervosa
This mental illness can be treated with psychotherapy. Several types of psychotherapy that can be done are cognitive behavioural therapy, family-based therapy, and group therapy.
In addition to psychotherapy, people with these mental disorders often require medical treatment in a hospital because of their weakened physical condition due to nutritional deficiencies. Usually, the patient will be asked to undergo hospitalization so that the doctor can monitor the patient’s vital signs and treat emergency conditions due to anorexia.
There is no definite way to prevent anorexics. The best thing that can be done to avoid this condition is to establish a supportive environment and not prioritize physical appearance.