Mental disorders can result from severe trauma caused by an event or a disruption in brain function. Anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, mood disorders, personality disorders, and eating disorders are examples of mental disorders.

Mental disorders are illnesses that affect a person’s ability to think, behave, and interact with others. If people with mental illnesses are not treated, they will find it difficult to travel, work, or even socialize with others.

examples of common mental disorders

More than 19 million Indonesians aged 15 and up suffer from mental and emotional disorders, according to the Ministry of Health’s Basic Health Research in 2018, and more than 12 million people are estimated to be depressed. When compared to 2013 data, this figure tends to rise.

Mental disorders have yet to be definitively identified. However, there are a number of factors that have been linked to an increased risk of mental illness, including:

  • Congenital or genetic factors
  • Mental illness runs in the family.
  • Have you ever been in a traumatic situation, such as being a victim of abuse or violence?
  • Illegal drug use and excessive alcoholic beverage consumption
  • Severe brain injury, stroke, and thyroid disorders are examples of medical conditions.

Mental Disorders That Are Frequently Encountered

Mental disorders are one of the health issues that still receives a lot of negative press.

Many people believe that mental illnesses are only caused by hallucinations or behavioural issues. In fact, many people still believe that people with mental illnesses should be imprisoned or shackled.

In fact, there are many different types of mental disorders, each with its own set of signs and symptoms. The following are some of the most common types of mental illnesses:

1.  Anxiety disorders are number one of mental disorders

Generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, phobias, and panic are examples of anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders are mental illnesses that make people feel anxious and restless, and they can be difficult to control.

When a person has an anxiety disorder, they may experience symptoms such as excessive sweating, a racing heart or chest palpitations, dizziness, difficulty concentrating, sleeping problems, and feelings of anxiety and worry that make it difficult to carry out daily activities.

2. Disorders of the mind

Psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia, are severe mental illnesses that cause abnormal thoughts and perceptions.

People who suffer from psychotic disorders will have hallucinations believe in things that aren’t true, and even hear, see, or feel things that aren’t true.

3. Mood disorders

Mood swings are common, especially when triggering factors such as stress, fatigue, or mental pressure are present.

People with mood disorders, on the other hand, can experience extreme and rapid changes in mood. For instance, from a stable mood, one can go from sad to very happy and excited in a short period of time.

Depression, bipolar disorder, and cyclothymic disorder are examples of mental disorders that cause mood swings.

4. Eating disorders

Eating disorders are severe mental illnesses that affect a person’s eating habits. This condition frequently causes nutritional issues, such as malnutrition or obesity, in the sufferer.

Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, as well as a binge-eating disorder or binge eating disorder, are examples of eating disorders.

5. Addiction and impulse control disorders

People with impulse control disorders are unable to resist the urge to engage in risky behaviours such as gambling, stealing (kleptomania), and setting fires (pyromania).

While the abuse of alcohol and illegal drugs or drugs is the most common cause of addictive behaviour disorders or addictions. Not only that, but certain activities, such as sex, masturbation, or shopping, can become addictive.

6. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

Uncontrollable thoughts and obsessions with something characterize this mental disorder, which encourages the sufferer to repeat an activity.

Certain numbers, such as the number 3, can become obsessions for people with OCD. This will make them feel compelled to perform certain actions, such as hand washing or knocking three times on the door. OCD sufferers will feel uneasy and worry excessively if this is not done.

7. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a type of anxiety disorder that occurs (PTSD). After a traumatic or horrific event, such as sexual or physical abuse, the death of a loved one, or a natural disaster, PTSD can develop.

People with PTSD often find it difficult to forget these distressing memories or events.

Various mental disorders, regardless of their nature, must be treated by a psychologist or psychiatrist. Mental disorders can worsen if not treated properly, and they have the potential to cause harm to themselves or others. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of a mental illness, see a psychiatrist right away. A psychiatrist will conduct a psychiatric examination on patients to determine the diagnosis of mental disorders. The patient will then be treated and treated according to the type of mental disorder he is suffering from.