Sleep disorders cause a person’s sleep pattern to be disrupted. This will result in a reduction in sleep quality, which will have an impact on the health and safety of the sufferer.
Sleep disturbances can manifest as daytime drowsiness, difficulty falling asleep at night, or irregular sleep and wake cycles. Sleep disorders that go untreated can increase your risk of developing other diseases like hypertension and heart disease. Come on, identify the types and treat sleep disorders.
Sleep Disorders: Types and Causes
There are many different types of sleep disorders, depending on the severity of the condition or its symptoms. Some of the most common sleep disorders are as follows:
Insomnia is a condition in which a person has difficulty falling asleep or sleeps for an extended period of time. Poor sleeping habits, mental problems, and specific ailments can all contribute to insomnia (one of which is a pineal gland disorder).
Hypersomnia is a sleep disorder in which the body requires a lot of sleep and the sufferer is tired all day. Excessive sleeping, or hypersomnia, can be caused by a number of factors.Depression is one of them.
3. Walking while sleeping
The medical term for sleepwalking disease is somnambulism. People with this condition frequently wake up, walk, or engage in various activities while sleeping, but they are unaware of their actions. Adults and children alike can be affected by this condition.
Nightmares happen when a person’s brain causes them to dream of disturbing things. The cause of the nightmare has yet to be discovered. Children’s nightmares, on the other hand, are thought to be caused by anxiety or fear when they are separated from their parents.
5. Sleep Terror
Children, particularly those aged 4 to 8, are more prone to night terrors. Sleep terror sufferers may scream and appear frightened while sleeping. When a child is tired or has a fever, this condition can occur.
Sleep Disorders Symptoms
Sleep disorders manifest themselves in a variety of ways, including the following:
- Waking up and going to bed at irregular times.
- Inability to get a good night’s sleep.
- Legs that move by themselves when they want to sleep.
- Breathing in an irregular rhythm while sleeping.
- Dreaming, fearing, screaming, or walking while sleeping.
- Snoring, choking, gritting teeth, or temporarily stopping breathing while sleeping.
- Frequently wakes up in the middle of the night and finds it difficult to fall back asleep.
- When you wake up, you are unable to move your body.
- Often sleepy during the day, causing you to fall asleep at inopportune times, such as while driving.
- Tingling or a sensation that spreads to your hands and feet.
- Muscles are frequently weak or tired.
When should you see a doctor?
If a person’s sleep disorders are interfering with daily activities, they should see a doctor. Here are some things to look out for and talk to your doctor about:
- Doze off while driving.
- Struggles to stay awake while watching TV or reading a book.
- Inability to focus at school, work, or at home.
- A drop in work or school performance.
- It’s difficult to recall information.
- Slow to react to situations.
Diagnosis of Sleep Disorder
The doctor will inquire about the patient’s sleeping habits. The question could be about the length of your sleep, whether you frequently wake up while sleeping, or if you frequently fall asleep while doing something else during the day. In addition, the doctor can question the patient’s roommate or family about his or her sleeping habits.
The doctor will also inquire if the patient has any emotional issues, if he or she has or is currently suffering from any diseases, or if he or she is taking any drugs that may impair sleep quality.
The doctor will then conduct a physical examination, which will include an examination of the patient’s respiratory tract, including the nose, mouth, and throat.
In addition, the doctor may conduct a series of supporting tests, such as:
- Polysomnography or sleep study, which analyzes oxygen levels, body movements, and brain waves while the patient is sleeping.
- An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test that measures brain electrical activity.
- Blood tests, which can be used to diagnose certain diseases that can lead to sleep problems.
- A CT scan will be performed to look for any abnormalities in the brain that may be causing sleep problems.
Sleep Disorder Treatment
Depending on the cause, there are various approaches to treat sleep disorders. The following are some of the different types of treatments that can be used to treat sleep disorders:
1. Changes in lifestyle
Basically, adopting a healthy lifestyle can improve the quality of one’s sleep. Some examples of healthy lifestyle choices include:
- Eating more fibrous foods, such as vegetables and fruits.
- Limiting sugar intake by limiting sweet snack consumption.
- Exercise on a regular basis.
- Maintain a healthy level of stress management.
- Establish a daily sleep schedule and stick to it religiously.
- Limit caffeine intake, particularly in the afternoon and evening.
- Limit your alcohol consumption.
- To avoid the negative effects of cell phones on sleep quality, turn off your phone at least 30 minutes before bedtime.
- You must not smoke.
- Avoid sleeping all day on weekends and holidays, as this can disrupt sleep patterns on weekdays.
Cognitive-behavioural therapy is one type of psychotherapy that can be used to help people with sleep disorders change their mindset. It can also be used as one of the treat sleep disorders.
3. Sleeping with special equipment
Doctors may recommend that people with hypersomnia use special sleeping equipment. An oxygen mask is connected to a device called a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) (CPAP). The use of CPAP therapy can help to keep the airways open.
Psychiatrists commonly prescribe the following medications to treat sleep disorders:
- Antidepressant drugs
Sleep Disorder Complications
When a person suffers from sleep disorders, a variety of complications can arise, including:
- Reduced libido.
- The appearance of wrinkles and dark circles under the eyes.
- I’m prone to forgetting things.
- An increase in weight.
- Decision-making is difficult due to a lack of concentration, reasoning abilities, and problem-solving skills.
- A drop in academic or professional performance.
- Depression and generalized anxiety disorder are examples of mental disorders.
- Accidents at work or while driving as a result of decreased alertness.
- An increased risk of diseases like hypertension, diabetes, stroke, and heart disease.
Prevention of Sleep Disorders
The following methods can be used to avoid sleep disturbances:
- Promotes a restful night’s sleep.
- Limit your intake of alcohol, caffeine, and cigarettes.
- Doesn’t start working until late in the evening.
- Maintain a regular sleeping schedule.
- Exercise on a regular basis.