Personality disorders actually have various types, not just schizophrenia, OCD, or narcissism. There is also such a thing as borderline personality disorder (BPD). BPD or borderline personality disorder is a mental disorder characterized by changing moods and self-image and impulsive behavior.

People with borderline personality disorder have different perspectives, thoughts, and feelings compared to most other people. Well, this is what will cause problems in everyday life. Especially when it comes to relationships with other people, such as relationships with family, friends, and the work environment.

So, what triggers borderline personality disorder?

Various Trigger Factors 

In most cases, borderline personality disorder usually appears in late adulthood and persists into adulthood. Sufferers can feel symptoms, such as mood conditions or unstable moods, disturbances in thought patterns and perceptions, impulsive behavior, to instability in intense relationships. So, what causes this personality disorder? 

Unfortunately, until now the cause of BPD is not known for sure. However, at least there are several factors that are thought to trigger this condition, such as: 

  1. Environment. Negative environmental factors are also suspected to cause BPD. For example, a history of abuse or abuse as a child or being dumped by parents.
  2. Abnormalities in the brain. People with BDP have structural changes in brain function, especially in the areas that regulate impulses and emotions. The sufferer is also suspected of having malfunctioning of brain chemicals or neurotransmitters that play a role in emotional regulation. 
  3. Certain personality traits . Some personality types are more at risk of developing BPD, for example aggressive and impulsive personalities.
  4. genetics. Borderline personality disorder is thought to be genetically inherited. 

The thing to remember, does not mean that people who do not have any of the risk factors above, cannot experience BPD. The opposite also applies, it does not mean that those who have the above risk factors will experience BDP.

Know the Treatment Method of Borderline Personality Disorder

Personality disorders that generally appear in the period leading up to adulthood, fortunately can improve with age. Originally, how to handle it appropriately and effectively. Well, here are some psychological therapies to treat BPD. 

1. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)

This therapy uses an ability-based approach in teaching people with BPD to regulate emotions, tolerate mental stress, and improve social relationships. DBT can be done alone or in a group consultation with a therapist.

2. Mentalization-Based Therapy (MBT)

Emphasize the method of thinking before reacting. MBT helps people with BPD recognize their own feelings and thoughts. The trick is to create an alternative perspective of the situation at hand.

3. Schema-Focused Therapy

Schema-Focused Therapy helps people with BPD identify unmet needs in the early stages of life, which can trigger negative life-behavior patterns. This therapy will focus on efforts to meet these needs through healthier ways to build positive life behavior patterns. Just like DBT therapy, this therapy can be done individually or in a group consultation.