What is Paranoia? - Definition, Symptoms & Causes

Paranoia Definition

What’s paranoia? Definition paranoia is a psychological problem characterized by the emergence of excessive suspicion and fear. Paranoia people tend to find it difficult or even distrustful of others and have a different mindset than most people.

Paranoia personality disorder generally arises from psychological trauma in the past. This condition is more common in men and usually appears in adolescence or adulthood. However, sometimes paranoia can also appear since childhood.

Paranoia Causes

The cause of Paranoia personality disorder is not yet known with certainty. However, several factors are known to make a person more at risk for becoming Paranoia, namely:

  • Psychological trauma, for example being a victim of sexual harassment or physical violence
  • Certain mental disorders, such as anxiety disorders, depression, psychosis, and schizophrenia
  • Severe stress or mental stress
  • Disorders of the brain, for example, due to dementia, epilepsy, stroke, and Parkinson’s disease
  • Severe insomnia
  • Consumption of alcoholic beverages or long-term drug use.

Paranoia Symptoms

A typical symptom of a paranoid personality is that it is difficult or even impossible to trust other people. People who have paranoid thoughts tend to think that other people have bad intentions towards them.

This makes people with paranoid disorders often independent in everything. They emphasize that they must be able to work independently without depending on others. In addition, people who have paranoid thoughts also tend to be perfectionists about various things.

In everyday life, people who have a paranoid personality will usually look stiff, closed, or show an indifferent attitude towards others. This attitude is often shown to new people.

In addition, people who have paranoid symptoms will usually show the following characteristics:

  • Always suspect that other people have ulterior motives or want to hurt him
  • Difficult to cooperate with other people
  • Very sensitive when getting criticism
  • It’s hard to understand their problems
  • Easily separated or isolated socially
  • Doubt about the loyalty of others
  • Quick-tempered and tend to be hostile to others
  • Stubborn, argumentative, and always think that he is right

Some of these paranoid personality traits sometimes resemble those of other mental disorders, such as borderline personality disorder and schizophrenia.

Therefore, to determine whether a person does have a paranoid personality disorder and find out what causes it, it is necessary to conduct a psychiatric examination