Borderline personality disorder can affect relationships with other people, self-image, feelings, behavior, and the way the sufferer thinks. Symptoms usually appear in adolescence towards adulthood and persist into adulthood. These symptoms can be mild to severe.
Symptoms of BPD can be classified into four parts, which consist of:
People with BPD can experience drastic changes in their feelings ( mood swings ) towards themselves, their environment, or the people around them for no apparent reason. Mood changes can occur from positive to negative feelings or vice versa.
When experiencing a negative mood, people with BPD may experience feelings of anger, emptiness, sadness, worthlessness, shame, panic or fear, and profound loneliness.
Impaired thought patterns and perceptions
BPD can cause sufferers to think that they are bad, guilty, or insignificant. This thought can come and go, making the sufferer frantic and trying to find justification or defense to the people around him to make sure that he is not bad.
Sufferers can also experience hallucinations, for example hearing voices outside themselves asking them to hurt themselves. In addition, sufferers can also have strong beliefs about something that actually doesn’t make sense ( delusions ), such as the belief that they are being chased by assassins.
This behavior is likely to be self-injurious, or to be reckless and irresponsible. Examples include self-harm, attempting suicide, having risky sex, drinking to excess, or gambling without thinking about the risk of losing.
Intense, but unstable relationship
BPD can cause sufferers to fear being ignored by others. However, at other times people with BPD can also feel uncomfortable or uncomfortable if someone is too close or pays too much attention to them. This can damage the relationships people with BPD have with other people.
Not all people with BPD experience all of the above symptoms. Some experience only a few symptoms. The severity, how often it occurs, and how long the symptoms last for each patient can also vary.
Generally, BPD symptoms will subside on their own as the patient ages. Symptoms will usually decrease when the patient enters the age of 40 years.