Anxiety is a normal thing to feel when someone faces stressful situations. For example, hearing news that causes fear or worry. However, anxiety needs to be watched out for if it appears for no reason and is difficult to control. This can be one of the early symptoms of anxiety disorders.
Anxiety is fairly normal if it is still under control, and disappears after the triggering factors for the emergence of anxiety are resolved. However, do not let the feeling of anxiety persist and get worse. Excessive anxiety can interfere with daily activities. This condition is known as an anxiety disorder.
Know the Symptoms of Anxiety Disorder
Everyone can feel anxious when in a threatening or frightening situation. For example, changing schools, starting a new job or going to have surgery. The emergence of anxiety because it is a normal thing. Anxious people will usually experience the following symptoms:
- Nervous, restless and tense
- Fast heart rate
- Quick breath
- Difficult or even unable to sleep
- Sweat a lot
- Body feels weak
- Difficult to concentrate
- There is a feeling like there will be danger
Distinguishing Normal Anxiety from Dangerous Anxiety
Anxiety is not always bad. With positive thoughts, the anxiety that arises can be used as motivation. It can even be an encouragement to be able to overcome challenges and problems.
For example, during an exam or a job interview, anxiety can motivate you to study.
The thing to watch out for, is when anxiety persists even though the trigger factor has disappeared. In addition, feelings of anxiety that arise for no apparent reason and interfere with activities. In this case, you should suspect an anxiety disorder.
Each patient may experience different symptoms. This depends on the type of anxiety disorder he has. To determine whether the anxiety that appears is normal or caused by mental disorders, it is necessary to be examined by a psychologist or psychiatrist.
Some Types of Anxiety disorders You Need to Know
The following are the types of anxiety disorders or anxiety disorders and their symptoms:
1. Generalized anxiety disorder
People with generalized anxiety disorder can feel anxious or excessively worried about various things. Anxiety about work, health, to simple things, such as interacting with other people.
Anxiety that arises due to generalized anxiety disorder, is experienced every day and persists for more than 6 months. As a result, people with this anxiety disorder will find it difficult to carry out daily activities.
In addition, people with generalized anxiety disorder can also feel tired, tense, nauseated, headache, difficulty concentrating, shortness of breath, and insomnia
A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder that causes the sufferer to have an excessive fear of something. It can be a specific object, animal, or situation that most people don’t fear.
People who have a phobia can experience intense panic attacks when they see the triggering factors for the phobia. For example seeing a spider, blood, being in a crowd, a dark place, a high place, or a closed room.
Therefore, people with phobias will usually make every effort to stay away from what they fear.
3. Social anxiety disorder
People with social anxiety disorder have extraordinary anxiety or fear of the social environment. This disorder is also known as social phobia. Sufferers feel afraid and anxious to interact with other people.
People with this phobia always feel watched and judged by others. They are also excessively afraid or embarrassed when they are in a crowd. This makes sufferers always avoid meeting or interacting with many people.
4. PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder)
Post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD can occur in someone who has experienced a traumatic event. A life threatening situation. For example, living in areas of conflict or war, affected by natural disasters, or victims of violence.
People who suffer from PTSD often find it difficult to forget the traumatic experience. The experience always comes to mind or when dreaming. This then makes him feel guilty, isolated, and difficult to socialize with other people.
Sometimes people who have PTSD can also experience insomnia and even depression.
5. Panic disorder
Maybe you have panicked when you received shocking news. For example, when a family member or close relative is affected by a disaster. However, this is normal for you to experience. In contrast to panic disorder sufferers who can feel afraid or panic for no apparent reason.
Anxiety and panic attacks due to this disorder can appear at any time and occur suddenly or repeatedly. When panic symptoms appear, sufferers usually feel a number of other symptoms. Such as palpitations, cold sweats, dizziness, shortness of breath, and body shaking and feeling weak.
People with panic disorder cannot predict when the disorder will appear. They also do not know for sure what triggers it. Therefore, not a few people with panic disorder who distance themselves from the social environment for fear of having panic attacks recur in public places.
6. Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
People who suffer from OCD have a tendency to do things over and over again. This is done to relieve anxiety that comes from his own mind. For example, he must wash his hands 3 times because he thinks his hands are still dirty.
This disorder is difficult to control, is persistent, and can recur at any time. Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) makes it difficult for sufferers to carry out daily activities.
Some Ways to Overcome Anxiety
To relieve or prevent feelings of anxiety, you can do the following ways:
- Adequate sleep and rest
- Limiting the consumption of caffeine and alcoholic beverages
- Reduce stress by trying relaxation techniques, such as meditation and yoga
- Doing physical activity or exercising regularly
- Trying to exchange ideas or vent with friends
You should consult a psychiatrist, if the above method does not make the anxiety disappear. A psychiatrist will perform an examination to determine the cause and type of anxiety disorder you are experiencing.
The psychiatrist will overcome the anxiety you feel with psychotherapy and counseling. Sedation can be given if needed.
Continuous anxiety disorders have the potential to make sufferers feel depressed and even want to commit suicide. In addition there are sufferers who abuse drugs or alcoholic beverages. Therefore, if you experience it, immediately consult a psychiatrist.