In many films and world literature, schizophrenia is often described as madness. A sadistic criminal who likes to torture and kill helpless victims. Is there any truth to this horrible stereotype?
What is schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder. Mental disorders affect how a person thinks, feels (empathy), and behaves. People with schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality.
People with schizophrenia will find it difficult to distinguish between the real world and the imaginary world. This is because the symptoms of schizophrenia often include psychotic experiences. They often hear intangible voices, hallucinations, or delusions.
How common is schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia usually begins in late adolescence or early adulthood, between the ages of 16 and 30. Everyone is at risk for developing schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is the most common mental disorder found globally. According to WHO, schizophrenia affects more than 21 million people from all over the world.
Schizophrenic patients are often thought of as crazy because they often hallucinate.
It is important to understand which are myths and which are facts about schizophrenia, or in layman’s language “crazy”. We must provide opportunities for these people to lead productive lives and be fully involved in society.
Myths about schizophrenia that turned out to be wrong
1. Schizophrenia cannot be cured
Schizophrenia, like many other mental disorders, is treatable. Although until now there has not been found a cure for schizophrenia, but therapy in the form of psychosocial treatment or rehabilitation. This treatment is effective in helping schizophrenic patients to have productive, successful, and independent lives. With proper medication and therapy, about 25% of people with this disease will recover completely.
Some of the psychosocial therapies that may benefit schizophrenic patients include: family therapy, assertive community treatment, job support, cognitive remediation, skills training, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), behavior modification interventions, and psychosocial interventions for substance use.
2. Hallucinations are the only symptom of schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a disease that affects several brain functions. These disorders include the ability to think clearly, manage emotions, make decisions, or relate to other people. Often times, ODS will have difficulty organizing their thoughts or making logical connections.
But hallucinations are not the only symptom of schizophrenia. Another symptom that can arise from schizophrenia is delusions. Delusions can be defined as holding on to false beliefs.
3. People with schizophrenia are a danger to society
The number of schizophrenic patients who are ostracized or even shackled. This happens because of the assumption that schizophrenia is dangerous. In fact, a study shows that schizophrenic patients who get adequate medical treatment will not be dangerous. Unless the patient has limited access to health or is neglected.
4. Schizophrenia is equated with multiple personalities
Not true. Schizophrenia is completely different from multiple personality, aka dissociative disorder. What happens, schizophrenic patients often have false ideas that are not related to reality; sufferers find it difficult to distinguish the real world from the imaginary world.
Meanwhile, people with multiple personalities have two or more distinct personalities. Each of them can in turn take over the consciousness of the individual “host”.
5. Schizophrenia is caused by parental violence against children
Schizophrenia is a mental illness caused by a variety of factors: genetics, trauma, and/or drug abuse. The mistakes you make as a parent will not cause your child to develop schizophrenia.
6. Schizophrenia is a genetic disorder
Although genetics has a role in determining a person’s risk factors for schizophrenia. But if only one of your parents has this mental illness, that doesn’t mean you’re destined to get it.
And even if one of your parents has schizophrenia. Your risk of getting this condition is only about 10%. The risk will increase if more and more members of your family have schizophrenia.
7. Schizophrenia makes you unable to do anything
There are so many assumptions that underestimate the disorder of schizophrenia, including: schizophrenic patients are definitely not smart, will not get a job, and so on. However, this opinion is clearly wrong.
Although the patient has difficulty thinking, it does not mean he is not intelligent. Or, even though schizophrenia can make it difficult for you to find work and work, that doesn’t mean you won’t be working. With the right treatment, many schizophrenic people can find jobs that match their abilities and skills.
Schizophrenia disorder will not go away on its own; Therefore, you need to do an examination immediately if you find symptoms of schizophrenia in order to get the right treatment. Or, if you know someone who is experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia, you need to motivate that person to get the right treatment as soon as possible.