Severe trauma due to an event can cause a person to experience mental disorders. Likewise with or disorders of brain function. Common types of mental disorders include anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, mood disorders, personality disorders, and eating disorders.
Mental disorders are health problems that greatly affect life. This will significantly affect how a person thinks, behaves, and interacts with others. If left untreated, it will make it difficult to move, work, and even interact with other people.
Although until now, the exact cause of mental disorders is not known. However, there are several factors that can cause a person to experience mental disorders:
- Genetic factors or congenital
- Family history of mental disorders
- Heavy stress Have experienced a traumatic event, such as being a victim of abuse or violence
- Use of illegal drugs and excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages
- Special medical conditions, such as severe brain injury, stroke, and thyroid disorders
The most common mental disorders
Mental disorders are health problems that are often considered negative by the community.
Many people assume that mental disorders only occur due to hallucinations or behavioral problems.
1. Anxiety disorders
Types of anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, phobias, and panic. Anxiety disorders cause sufferers to feel anxious and restless, and it is difficult to control these feelings.
When an anxiety disorder occurs, sufferers may experience a lot of sweating, a fast heart rate or chest palpitations, feeling dizzy, having trouble concentrating, having trouble sleeping, and feeling anxious and worried that it’s difficult to carry out daily activities.Psychotic disorders
2. Personality disorders
People with personality disorders have unusual patterns of thinking, feeling, or behaving. Types of personality disorders are divided into several groups:
- Eccentric types, such as paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, and antisocial personality disorders
- Dramatic or emotional types, such as narcissistic, histrionic, and borderline personality disorder
- Anxiety and fear types, such as obsessive-compulsive, avoidant, and dependent (dependent) personality disorders
3. Psychotic disorders
Psychotic disorders are severe mental disorders that cause abnormal thoughts and perceptions, such as schizophrenia. People with psychotic disorders will experience hallucinations.
4. Mood disorders
Mood changes are normal, especially if there are triggering factors, such as stress, fatigue, or mental stress.
However, people with mood disorders can experience extreme mood swings and in a short time. For example, from a stable mood, suddenly sad, then very happy and excited in a short time.
Types of mental disorders that cause mood swings include depression, bipolar disorder, and cyclothymic disorder.
5. Eating disorders
Eating disorders are serious mental disorders. This can make a person’s eating behavior disturbed. This condition can make the sufferer experience nutritional problems, such as malnutrition or obesity.
Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, as well as binge-eating disorder, are examples of eating disorders.
6. Impulse control disorder and addiction
People with impulse control disorders cannot resist actions that may harm themselves or others, such as gambling, stealing (kleptomania), and starting fires (pyromania).
Addictive behavior disorders or addictions are usually caused by alcohol and drug abuse. In addition, a person can also be addicted to certain activities, such as sex, masturbation, or shopping.
7. Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
This mental disorder is characterized by uncontrollable thoughts and obsessions. This obsession makes the sufferer perform activities repeatedly.
People with OCD may become obsessed with certain numbers, such as the number 3. This will make them feel compelled to do certain activities, such as washing their hands or knocking three times on the door. If this is not done, OCD sufferers will feel uncomfortable and worry excessively.
8. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
PTSD can occur after a person has experienced a traumatic or horrific event. Sexual or physical abuse, the death of a loved one, or a natural disaster can be the cause.
People who suffer from PTSD, usually find it difficult to forget unpleasant thoughts or events.
People with mental disorders need to be treated by a psychologist or psychiatrist. If not treated properly, mental disorders experienced can get worse and have the potential to make them hurt themselves or others.
If you or someone you know shows symptoms of a mental illness, seek help from a psychiatrist immediately. To determine the diagnosis of mental disorders in patients, a psychiatrist will conduct a psychiatric examination. After that, the patient will receive appropriate treatment and care.