Mental health is affected by events in life, this leaves a great impact and behavior. These events can take the form of domestic violence, child abuse, or severe long-term stress.
Impaired mental health will lead to mental disorders or mental illness. Mental disorders can change the way a person handles stress, relates to others, makes choices, and triggers the desire to hurt himself.
Several types of mental disorders, including depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and psychosis. Some mental illnesses only occur in certain types of sufferers, such as postpartum depression that only affects mothers after giving birth.
Mental Health Symptoms
Mental disorders or mental illness can start with some of the following symptoms:
- Shout or fight with family and friends.
- Delusions, paranoia, or hallucinations.
- Loss of ability to concentrate.
- A constant fear, worry, or feeling of guilt.
- Inability to cope with stress or everyday problems.
- Excessive anger and prone to violence.
- Having bad experiences and memories that can’t be forgotten.
- Having thoughts of hurting yourself or others.
- Withdrawing from people and daily activities.
- Hearing voices or believing something that is not true.
- Experiencing unexplained pain.
- Experiencing drastic mood swings that cause problems in relationships.
- Feeling unusually confused, forgetful, angry, offended, anxious, irritated, worried, and afraid.
- Feeling sad, meaningless, helpless and hopeless.
- Smoking, drinking more alcohol than usual, or even using drugs.
- Drastic changes in eating habits, such as eating too much or too little.
- Significant fatigue, decreased energy, or sleeping disorder.
- Unable to perform daily activities, such as caring for children, going to school or work.
- Unable to understand situations and people.
Causes of Mental Health
Some common causes of mental disorders:
- Head injury.
- Genetic factors or there is a family history of mental disorders.
- Domestic violence or other abuse.
- Child abuse or a history of childhood abuse.
- Have abnormalities in brain chemistry compounds or disorders of the brain.
- Experiencing discrimination and stigma.
- Experiencing the loss or death of someone very close.
- Experiencing social disadvantages, such as poverty or debt problems.
- Caring for a chronically ill family member or friend.
- Unemployment, job loss, or homelessness.
- The influence of toxic substances, alcohol, or drugs that can damage the brain.
- Severe stress experienced for a long time.
- Socially isolated or feeling lonely.
- Living in a bad residential neighborhood.
- Significant trauma, such as military battles, serious accidents, or previous crimes.
Mental Health Risk & Factors
Some risk factors for mental disorders:
- Women have a high risk of developing depression and anxiety, while men have a higher risk of developing substance dependence and antisocial behavior.
- Women after giving birth.
- Having problems in childhood or lifestyle problems.
- Having a profession that triggers stress, such as a doctor and entrepreneur.
- Have a history of a family member or family member with mental illness.
- Have a history of birth with abnormalities in the brain.
- Have a previous history of mental illness.
- Experiencing failure in life, such as school or work life.
- Abusing alcohol or illegal drugs.
Mental Health Diagnosis
A psychiatrist will diagnose a mental disorder. It begins with a complete medical and psychiatric interview, travel history, symptoms, and family history of illness. Then, followed by a thorough physical examination, to exclude the possibility of other diseases.
If needed, the doctor will ask to carry out supporting examinations, such as thyroid function tests, alcohol and drug tests, and CT scans to determine if there are abnormalities in the sufferer’s brain. If the possibility of other diseases has been eliminated, the doctor will provide medication and a treatment plan to help manage the sufferer’s emotions.
Mental Health Prevention
Some of the efforts that can be done to prevent mental disorders:
- Do physical activity and stay physically active.
- Help others sincerely.
- Maintain positive thoughts.
- Have the ability to solve problems.
- Seek professional help if needed.
- Maintain good relations with other people.
- Maintain adequate sleep and rest.
Mental Health Treatment
Some of the treatment options that doctors will do in dealing with mental disorders:
- Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is a talk therapy that provides a safe medium for sufferers to express their feelings and ask for advice. The psychiatrist will provide assistance by guiding the sufferer in controlling feelings. Psychotherapy along with treatment using drugs is the most effective way to treat mental illness. Some examples of psychotherapy include cognitive behavioral therapy, exposure therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, and so on.
- Drugs. Giving drugs to treat mental illness generally aims to change brain chemicals in the brain. These drugs are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and tricyclic antidepressants. These drugs are generally combined with psychotherapy for more effective treatment results.
- Inpatient. Hospitalization is required if the patient requires close monitoring of the symptoms of the disease he is experiencing or there is an emergency in the field of psychiatry, such as an attempted suicide.
- Support groups. Support groups generally consist of people with similar mental illnesses or who have been able to control their emotions well. They come together to share experiences and guide one another towards recovery. Brain stimulation.
- Brain stimulation in the form of electroconvulsive therapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation, experimental treatment called deep brain stimulation, and vagus nerve stimulation.
- Treatment of substance abuse. This treatment is given to people with mental illness caused by dependence due to substance abuse.
- Make plans for yourself, such as managing your lifestyle and daily habits, to fight mental illness. This plan aims to monitor health, assist the recovery process, and identify triggers or warning signs of illness.